Probably he did so because he felt that Anne was sure to be found guilty, and he could no longer afford to be regarded as her mentor. Her journey had taken her now to stand before the Great and General Court of Massachusetts to be accused of traducing the ministry, as sure an act of sedition as could be imagined in a community where the church was, in effect, the government. She led a revolt against the Massachusetts governor. And you have maintained a meeting and an assembly in your house that hath been condemned by the general assembly as a thing not tolerable nor comely in the sight of God nor fitting for your sex. Anne and her family were Jewish so in 1933 they had to move to Amsterdam in The Netherlands to escape from… Words 762 - Pages 4.
Not only was this doctrine somewhat less than comforting to anyone who had doubts about his state of grace; it also left something to be desired from a social point of view. Anne Hutchinson proclaimed that using this method of good behavior as evidence that a person was saved was not preaching a covenant of grace and accused the clergy of preaching a covenant of work. The time now grows late. Mistress Hutchinson was an individualist living in an authoritarian age. The Dutch guaranteed that had been offered by the New England friends of the little captive, and the obligation on both sides was fulfilled. If the state loses its monopoly over revelations from God there is no telling what else it might lose! All of this may seem to us today like quibbling over questions as critical as how many angels can fit on the head of a pin. And … I think we are bound upon this ground to remove her from us and not to retain her any longer, seeing that she doth prevaricate in her words, as that her judgment is one thing and her expression another.
They argued that they were therefore not teaching a Covenant of Works rather than a Covenant of Grace, as she was claiming. Winthrop and others eventually learned of the birth and exhumed the corpse. The Rhode Island Colony alsodiffered from most of the English settlements in that Indians werenot tortured, harassed, or killed, and treaties with them werehonored and not broken as a matter of course. In these circumstances her demand for the oath loomed large. William consented and the Hutchinsons arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony on September 18, 1634.
The following are some facts about Anne Hutchinson: Hutchinson was born Anne Marbury in Alford, Lincolnshire, England on July 20, 1591 and was the daughter of Bridget Dryden and Francis Marbury, a Deacon in the Church of England. Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker all disagreed with the Puritan leaders in the Massachusetts colony. She boldly answered each of his questions with challenging questions of her own. Anne believed the only minister who could preach a covenant of grace was Reverend John Cotton. After more fruitless argument with the accused, Winthrop made another statement. Hutchinson's views and her growing reputation as a leader -- when women were not allowed to speak or teach in public -- were understood as a threat to the stability of the small colony by Puritan officials, notably Governor John Winthrop. The ground of my taking it up was, when I first came to this land because I did not go to such meetings as those were, it was presently reported that I did not allow of such meetings but held them unlawful and therefore in that regard they said I was proud and did despise all ordinances.
These Massachusetts Bay leaders feared that Anne's beliefs would divide the settlement along theological lines; they were especially disturbed by Anne's claims that she could determine which of the colony's clergymen and residents had received grace. In 1642 she moved with her family to New York where, in 1643 she and most of her family died in a Native American uprising. Then, he founded Rhode Island and promoted the ideas of religious toleration and freedom of thought. One of my bucket list items is to get off the Parkway sometime and find Split Rock, the location where tradition says Susanna hid during the 1643 attack. The detailed journal that he kept during his years in America is a prime source for the early history of Massachusetts, and his file of correspondence and memoranda gives an exceptionally full impression of his activities and personality.
By the mid-17th century, the Puritans had pushed their way farther into the interior of New England, establishing outposts along the Connecticut River Valley. But with Anne Hutchinson discussion became commentary, and commentary became criticism. The College Board ® does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this web site. And after his trial those men who had signed a petition asking mercy for him found that Winthrop would deal with them, too. Cotton was the only minister Anne trusted to deliver the scripture without devaluing it. Consequently, he launched a counterattack against her.
I think it is a breach of Church Rule, to bring a thing in public before they have dealt with me in private. She was put on trial in 1637, convicted and banished from Massachusetts. The grays, browns, and blacks of Mrs. Winthrop questioned her relentlessly but she avoided all of his traps and the court adjourned with no ruling. He thought she too did great good works for the Christian faith.
Although in reality she was neither, she was a brave and principled woman who had the courage to speak her mind in a society that allowed women no public voice. But she chose this moment to declaim a confession of faith. Cotton as well as a brilliant woman, Anne Hutchinson was able to offer a mass of theological argument to support her heavenly credentials. Imagine what couldhappen if people believed that they were saved and didn't have tobehave well. By the time of her trial she had borne her husband, William Hutchinson, thirteen children; she was now expecting her fourteenth. His American career passed through three distinct phases. To the Puritans Anne Hutchinson included this was blasphemy, for it detracted from that all-sovereign and perfect will of God by which He had in the beginning predetermined the entire future of the universe.