No province, city, municipality, or barangay may be created, divided, merged, abolished, or its boundary substantially altered, except in accordance with the criteria established in the local government code and subject to approval by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite in the political units directly affected. See to it that justice is duly and promptly administered throughout the Philippines. Whenever the President transmits to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice-President as Acting President. Political parties, or organizations or coalitions registered under the party-list system, shall not be represented in the voters' registration boards, boards of election inspectors, boards of canvassers, or other similar bodies. Bernas Florangel Rosario Braid Crispino M. The case provided in Article 30 and in which the Assembly has constituted itself into a Tribunal of Justice shall be excepted, but in the latter case no other functions shall be exercised except that pertaining to judicial functions.
But this argument is mistaken. The bill calling such special election shall be deemed certified under paragraph 2, Section 26, Article V1 of this Constitution and shall become law upon its approval on third reading by the Congress. The free exervise and enjoyment of religious profession and whoship, without discrimniation or preference, shall forever be allowed. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Those who elect Philippine citizenship in accordance with paragraph 3 , Section 1 of Article 4 of the Philippine Constitution shall be deemed natural-born citizens.
Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 7 of this Article, a natural-born citizen of the Philippines who has lost his Philippine citizenship may be a transferee of private lands, subject to limitations provided by law. The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development. In case of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of the President, the Vice-President shall become the President to serve the unexpired term. Such rules shall provide a simplified and inexpensive procedure for the speedy disposition of cases, shall be uniform for all courts of the same grade, and shall not diminish, increase, or modify substantive rights. Seven more amendments were adopted at pretty regular intervals between 1920 and 1971, but except for one very unusual amendment, there have been no amendments to the Constitution since 1971. The Division Superintendent of Schools of Cebu.
The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Absentee voting for qualified Filipinos abroad is authorized by this Constitution. For three consecutive terms after the ratification of this Constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-list representatives shall be filled, as provided by law, by selection or election from the labor, peasant, urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, women, youth, and such other sectors as may be provided by law, except the religious sector. Below is a side-by-side presentation in the Filipino and English languages. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: National Constitution Center. Article V does potentially provide a way for the states to bypass Congress, although it has never been used. Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall reassume the powers and duties of his office.
The other officials of the Nation shall take their oath before the authorities determined by law. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations. In 1931 , the Supreme Court affirmed the authority of Congress to decide which mode of ratification will be used for each individual constitutional amendment. The State shall protect consumers from trade malpractices and from substandard or hazardous products. By subscribing to an oath of allegiance to support the constitution and law of foreign country D. The exercise of the rights provided for in the preceding article shall be subject to general provisions regulating the same.
Philippine citizenship may be lost or reacquired in the manner provided by law. If the Congress, within ten days after receipt of the last written declaration, or, if not in session, within twelve days after it is required to assemble, determines by a two-thirds vote of both Houses, voting separately, that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice-President shall act as President; otherwise, the President shall continue exercising the powers and duties of his office. Any citizen may file suit against any member exercising the Judicial Power for any crime committed by them in the discharge of their office. Can I press complaints for this? Taking into account the requirements of conservation, ecology, and development, and subject to the requirements of agrarian reform, the Congress shall determine, by law, the size of lands of the public domain which may be acquired, developed, held, or leased and the conditions therefor. Village, Teacher's East, Teacher's West, Sikatuna, Malaya, Pinahan, and Botocan. The child was born in the Philippines whose parents are Germans.
Two months immediately before the next presidential elections and up to the end of his term, a President or Acting President shall not make appointments, except temporary appointments to executive positions when continued vacancies therein will prejudice public service or endanger public safety. The first local elections shall be held on a date to be determined by the President, which may be simultaneous with the election of the Members of the Congress. The President of the Republic, the Government, the Assembly, and all Filipino citizens shall faithfully observe the provisions of the Constitution; and the Legislative Power, upon approval of the Appropriations Act, shall examine if the Constitution has been strictly complied with and whether violations, if any, have been duly corrected and those responsible for the violations held liable. No increase in said compensation shall take effect until after the expiration of the full term of all the Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives approving such increase. Neither shall he engage in the practice of any profession or in the active management or control of any business which, in any way, may be affected by the functions of his office, nor shall he be financially interested, directly or indirectly, in any contract with, or in any franchise or privilege granted by the Government, any of its subdivisions, agencies, or instrumentalities, including government-owned or controlled corporations or their subsidiaries.
In no case shall any Member be appointed or designated in a temporary or acting capacity. The State may not be sued without its consent. No Filipino shall be imprisoned except by virtue of an order by a competent court. He shall also appoint all other officers of the Government whose appointments are not otherwise provided for by law, and those whom he may be authorized by law to appoint. The convening of the Congress cannot be suspended nor the special election postponed. In 1921 , the Supreme Court upheld Congress's power to prescribe time limitations for state ratifications and intimated that clearly out of date proposals were no longer open for ratification.