Divine Command Theory Philosophers both past and present have sought to defend theories of that are grounded in a theistic framework. Criticism of the Divine Theory: There are seven lines of argument in the hands of R. Thus, according to Engels Lenin also explained it the state is being used by two classes for two purposes. With such a belief, we have the hope that we will be able to live moral lives. The mentality of the workers and that of the capitalists have undergone sea changes during the last century from 1900 to 1999. The core idea of this model is the state is used as an instrument for the fulfillment of interests of a particular class or section of society.
For example, God may be disposed to love human beings, treat them with compassion, and deal with them fairly. Kings are accountable to God above and only. James I , in his book The Law of Free Monarchies asserted this theory, claiming that Kings derived their authority directly from God see. His book Social Contract published in 1762 reconciles the authority of the state and liberty of the individual. It came into existence to meet various needs kind. Both the above mentioned models are discussed below in detail: 1.
In the third place, the emergence of democracy was a big blow for the autocratic dogma of mixing religion with politics and thereby it blunted the edge of identifying God with the King. The theory is dangerous because it pinpoints the unlimited and arbitrary power of the kings. But among the primitive society, instead of permanent marriage there was a sort of sex anarchy. History of Divine Theory: The conception of the divine creation of the state may be traced back to remote antiquity. With the decline of the authority of religion declined the divine authority.
Aquinas proposed a theory of natural law which asserted that something is moral if it works towards the purpose of human existence, and so human nature can determine what is moral. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Origin of State : Marx, Engels and their followers particularly Lenin had no faith on the social contract theory as the origin of state. . The ancient Greek philosopher Homer c.
People lived poorly and to improve their lives people could enter into a social contract where a superior person would rule over the rest. Evaluation of the Theory: That the State is divinely created does not find any place in the present political thought. The English Revolution of 1688 proclaimed that the government is accountable to the people and if the government goes astray the people can overthrow it and establish a new one. According to them, there was never any patriarchal family in the primitive society and that the patriarchal family came into existence only when the institution of permanent marriage was in vogue. In the Manifesto they uttered almost the same words. The anthropologists and sociologists after careful scientific analysis have discarded the theory as totally untenable as an explanation of the origin of the slate. The church asserted the supremacy of the church over the state.
Secondly, the other silver lining of the theory is that it made the slates conscious of building adequate defence and army to protect the territorial integrity of the state. Force, religion, politics, family and contract were all there to contribute to the growth of the state. That is, one might argue that if the motive for being moral on Divine Command Theory is to merely avoid punishment and perhaps gain eternal bliss, then this is less than ideal as an account of moral motivation, because it is a mark of moral immaturity. Adams suggests that a believer's concept of morality is founded in their religious belief and that right and wrong are tied to their belief in God; this works because God always commands what believers accept to be right. According to Sir Henry Maine, there was nothing more worthless than the social contract theory as an explanation of the origin of the state. The crux of the social contract theory is that men create government for the purpose of securing their pre-existing natural rights — that the right come first, that the government is created to protect these rights. The people would have no say and would not be able to vote on anything.
Similarly, it is evil to commit murder because God forbids murder. The most dominant class that controlled the mode of production came to establish the state to ensure its dominance over the other classes who did not own the modes of production. The grandeur of history lies in the perpetual conflict of nations and the appeal to arms will be valid until the end of history. There is always a natural struggle for existence by fighting all adversaries among the animal world. A dictator or a group of dictators would make all decisions and there would be no rights for U.
We shall now discuss the causes of the decline of the theory. As a matter of fact, the whole community expressed the General Will in a public meeting. It is important to discuss these theories bccause they have a profound influence on political thought. The theory which holds the field as the most plausible is known as the Evolutionary theory. The issue is the class character of the state is to be changed. The more I developed opinions, the more I really looked forward to working shifts there -- it was a place to sit down and watch the news, once a week.