Many letters have since been published, as well as his Diario del viaggio in Spagna 1932 , and Le cose fiorentine 1945 , a eulogy of the Florentine oligarchy. This work, translated into all Western European languages, is an eyewitness account of the period from 's expedition 1494 to 's death 1534. Viator 18 1987 : 347—359. The third and last Florentine Republic condemned him in absentia on trumped-up charges in 1530, shortly before it fell. Cardona marched to relieve the city in early April, and was decisively beaten in the resulting , fought on Easter Sunday; the death of Foix during the fighting, however, left the French under the command of , who, unwilling to continue the campaign without direct orders from Louis, contented himself with thoroughly sacking Ravenna. The History of Italy Title page of 1583 edition of Storia d'Italia Guicciardini is best known as the author of the Storia d'Italia History of Italy , which provides a detailed account of politics in the Italian Peninsula between 1490 and 1534.
Guicciardini's attempt at dispassionate narration does not conceal his sorrow at Italy's fate. The government of Florence appointed him as an ambassador to King Ferdinand of. That said, like Gibbon he's got no problem passing judgement on figures he finds morally bankrupt-- poor Popes Pius and Alexander! A new French advance soon forced Pitigliano to withdraw to Padua once again. The Senate argued over the terms for two months, but finally accepted them on February 24, 1510. A good translation of a sixteenth-century text should be redolent of its period.
Guicciardini's masterpiece, the Storia d'Italia History of Italy , was written from 1537 to 1540. In mid-March, the Republic provided a pretext for an attack on itself by appointing her own candidate to the vacant an act in keeping with prevailing custom, though Julius considered it a personal provocation ; the Pope called for all Christian nations to join him in an expedition to subdue Venice. In particular, I could have wished for more on Cesare Borgia and the Fianal defeat of the French in 1528. The French army, however, had been left unopposed by the Swiss who, having arrived in Lombardy, had been bribed into leaving by Louis and was free to march south into the heart of Italy. Written during the last years of his life, this work contains the historian's observations collected over his entire lifetime and was a work intended for posterity. In 1507, Julius returned to the question of the cities in Venetian hands; once again rebuffed by the Senate, he encouraged to attack the Republic.
Guicciardini advised an alliance with France and urged Clement to conclude the League of Cognac in 1526, which led to war with Charles V. Thus Guicciardini started his career as a diplomat and statesman. At 23, he was appointed by the Signoria of Florence to teach legal studies at the Florentine Studio. Four Florentine leaders debate the good and bad aspects of Medici rule and the prospects for the current broadly based republican regime, and the one with the most foresight i. Alexander's book also wastes much space on pictures and diagrams that could be usefully devoted to more translated text.
The chronological span of the book is not great, covering barely three decades 14931523. Seeing through his machinations, however, Medici dismissed Guicciardini and exiled him to his country home. The History of Italy Title page of 1583 edition of Storia d'Italia Guicciardini is best known as the author of the Storia d'Italia The History of Italy , which provides a detailed account of politics in the Italian Peninsula between 1490 and 1534. From his parents, Piero di Jacopo and Simona Gianfigliazzi, he inherited an attachment to the Medici party. The Veneto—Papal alliance eventually expanded into the Holy League, which drove the French from Italy in 1512; disagreements about the division of the spoils, however, led Venice to abandon the alliance in favor of one with France. Guicciardini Family Crest Francesco Guicciardini was born 6 March 1483 in Florence, now in Italy; he was the third of eleven children of Piero di Iacopo Guicciardini and Simona di Bongianni Gianfigliazzi. And it is one of the most universally neglected.
The color of the stone suggests its solid and dense roots in a remote history. Although a subsequent attack on Verona failed, Pitigliano destroyed a Papal army under in the process. Be warned that it is dense material, but it is worth the effort. Julius now realized that the Bolognese were openly hostile to the Papacy and would not offer any resistance to the French; left with only a detachment of Venetian cavalry, he resorted to excommunicating d'Amboise, who had in the meantime been convinced by the English ambassador to avoid attacking the person of the Pope and had thus withdrawn to Ferrara. Maxims and Reflections is recognized as one of the outstanding documents of a time in crisis and transition and, like The History of Italy, has been translated into many languages. See Also: Machiavelli, Niccolo; Medici, Cosimo de' fränchās´kō gwēt-chärdē´nē , 1483—1540, Italian historian and statesman. Not until 1561, 21 years after his death, was The History of Italy published in Florence by one of his nephews.
A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth Century. His opinions are today still the most valuable commentary on a crucial period of Italian political history. Guicciardini retired to his villa in Arcetri, where he spent his last years working on the Storia d'Italia. A pinch of antiquity must be added. Studied civil law in Florence, Ferrara, and Padua, from 1498, doctorate, 1505.
Guicciardini, who was trained as a lawyer, served the Medici papacy as a senior administrator, and was a participant in the vicissitudes of the Habsburg-Valois wars in Italy, which he narrated in his last and greatest work, the Storia d'Italia History of Italy , composed in the late 1530s. Early in 1512, before reaching the statutory age of 30, he was named ambassador to the court of Ferdinand V of Castile, whose portrait he so deftly drew. In the same year a new, thoroughly annotated edition of the original text was published: Dialogo del reggimento di Firenze. When Cosimo I de' Medici reached an accord with Charles V, Guicciardini, still an anti-imperialist, lost favor and retired to his villa of Santa Margherita in Montici. Having assumed the title of at his coronation, Francis immediately moved to reclaim his holdings in Italy. His Spanish correspondence with the Signoria reveals his power of observation and analysis, a chief quality of his mind. In his masterpiece, The History of Italy, Guicciardini paved the way for a new style in historiography with his use of government sources to support arguments and the realistic analysis of the people and events of his time.
But after the Medici returned to power in 1530, he served as adviser to Alessandro and even defended him against the Florentine exiles at Naples. The Venetian collapse was complete. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries all of his writings were published, providing a much more complex picture of the man, and at the beginning of the twenty-first century new editions, translations, and studies continue to appear. I subsequently bought the original 18th century English translation of Guicciardini's history so that I could enjoy the full story - expensive, but worth it. Unlike his fellow citizen and sometime friend Niccolò Machiavelli, Guicciardini had no patience for theory.