After assessing his tired army's condition, Washington instead decided to move north and enter winter quarters at Morristown. Washington successfully evaded Howe until the American army was safely over the. As was the case, on December 1 st while in retreat. It was a cold, dark night and the river was running with flowing ice. December 11 th, General Washington and his remaining men retreated across the Delaware River taking every boat they could find with them or destroying those they could not, and were using this body of water and the winter weather to shield them from British and Hessian forces.
When their colonel was shot, the Hessian troops began to scatter in all directions. If Washington could maintain the initiative, he might save the Revolution, but a loss would end the fight. References for the Battle of Trenton: History of the British Army by Sir John Fortescue The War of the Revolution by Christopher Ward The American Revolution by Brendan Morrissey. Uniforms, arms and equipment at the Battle of Trenton: The two regiments of British light dragoons that served in America, the 16th and 17th, wore red coats and leather crested helmets. Soon after, they reached the house of Benjamin Moore, where the family offered food and drink to Washington. Cornwallis pursued the American Army across New Jersey but failed to capture him when they crossed Delaware.
This unidentified informant was most likely a student of Princeton University founded in 1746 as the College of New Jersey , detained the night of December 29-30 by British troops quartered in Princeton. Washington had managed to defeat the Hessians and give legitimacy to the American cause. Sullivan had a reason to want to be involved as he was part of the force that was beaten at the Battle for Long Island. Monroe, the future , suffered a wound to the neck that very nearly killed him. All of these hired troops came from German principalities of the. Sullivan sent a courier to tell Washington that the weather was wetting his men's gunpowder.
Another guard company nearer to the river rushed east to aid, leaving the River road into Trenton open. Aftermath Washington had turned the tide, chasing the British forces from the Delaware River and putting them on the defensive, if only for a few days. While Greene's men blocked the escape routes to Princeton, 's artillery deployed at the heads of King and Queen Streets. Greene, along with Washington, led one column onto the Pennington Road to attack the Hessian garrison from the north. This company retreated across the Assunpink Creek bridge after skirmishing with the van of Sullivan's division. A group of Hessian soldiers and the supporting British with them escaped from the battle over a bridge or by attempting to swim the river when they saw the huge formation of Americans attacking them. To his astonishment, Washington had maintained the element of surprise.
Washington moved from the north along with Greene and his troops, and they attacked the Hessian outpost, forcing the Hessian men to retreat to the higher grounds of North Trenton where they were joined by main Hessian army. As Hand's troops came to the Assunpink creek, the Hessians charged at them with bayonets fixed, causing chaos among the Americans. Due to multiple setbacks, the march would not begin until 4:00 am. Having been defeated in the , General George Washington and the remnants of the Continental Army retreated across New Jersey in the late fall of 1776. Also, unlike most American settlements, it lacked city walls or fortifications. Battle Summary After 's crossing of the Delaware River north of Trenton the previous night, Washington led the main body of the against Hessian soldiers garrisoned at Trenton. The Plan Desperate times require desperate action.
This battle gave the Continental Congress a new confidence because it proved American forces could defeat regulars. The Hessians manning the outpost quickly realized that this was much more than a raiding party and begun an organized retreat. According to Stryker, this unit included the remnants of 's Pennsylvania State Musketry Battalion decimated at Long Island , while Fischer places those remnants with the. The brigade was under the command of Colonel ; he died of wounds sustained in the battle, and about two thirds of his men were taken prisoner. He thus became the earliest-born person of whom a photograph is known to exist.
The British charged one final time, but the Americans fired canister shot this time, and the British lines were raked with fire. Each time the British would line up in a battle line, the riflemen would fall back and fire from cover. For those that enjoy history and wonder about the Battle of Trenton there is a great deal of information that many do not know about. The information in this table is based primarily on the reports of surviving Hessian officers submitted during inquiries into the disaster demanded by , the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, with some estimates provided by and other historians. Portrait of James Monroe — Future President of U. He devised a plan to launch a surprise attack against the enemy which would result in the Battle of Trenton.
These forces captured Brooklyn and Manhattan, driving General and his shrinking Continental Army across New Jersey into Pennsylvania. The larger Result This battle gave the Continental Congress a new confidence because it proved American forces could defeat regulars. Finding it blocked by the Americans, they were quickly surrounded by Sullivan's men. During the snowy night of 25-26 December, Washington moved his men across the river. Unless otherwise cited, the information in this table is provided by Fischer, p. Trenton lacked city walls or fortifications, which was typical of American settlements. An attempt to bring two three-pounder cannon into action quickly saw half the Hessian gun crews killed or wounded and the guns captured by Washington's men.