Philosophy of Politics: Closely related to ethics, this is a study of government and nations, particularly how they came about, what makes good governments, what obligations citizens have towards their government, and so on. It is the means of deciding a course of action. Art and beauty are the main topics of this branch. Six Branches of Philosophy There are six branches of philosophy. If we ask what the difference is, we are starting a philosophic inquiry. Do only particular things exist or do general things also exist? This verifiability may well vary even within a scientific discipline Natural, social, and formal science make up the , which form the basis of and applied sciences such as and. Each branch asks us all specific types of questions that we ask ourselves each and every day.
Nowadays there are many other branches of sociology due to the evolution of societies and the relations with the environment. We can apply ethics to the self, interpersonal relationships, large groups, and even states. Aesthetics is important because it delves into the reason why art has always existed, the burning need of mankind through the centuries to see the world in a different and clear way. The utilitarians maintained that the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people is the test of right and wrong. The basic idea of rationalism is that reason is superior to experience as a source of knowledge and that the validity of sense perception must be proved from more certain principles. He felt that all behavior is based on the will to power--the desire of people to control others and their own passions.
His Two Treatises of Government 1690 provided the philosophic base for the Revolutionary War in America and the French Revolution in the late 1700's. I believe that if the common person had the ability to be more involved in the government of today then the needs of the common person would be made possible thru a vast majority voice. Ethics-What is right or wrong? Questions about objects existing over time arise as well- problems of persistence. Durkheim sought to answer questions which society elicits, but which could not be explained by philosophy or even psychology. So therefore beauty in art may or may not matter to all people.
It is the philosophical study of history, particularly concerned with the question whether history i. Applied science is important for development. I believe that virtue does lead to happiness. Epicurus based his philosophy on hedonism--the idea that the only good in life is pleasure However, Epicurus taught that not all pleasures are good. For this reason, they are considered the first philosophers. . Aesthetics Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that studies art and all things beautiful.
Consider a random handful of classic philosophical questions: What is the meaning of life? How should people treat one another? Philosophic commentaries on sacred texts emerge during the 500's B. It is concerned with answering the questions about identity and the world. According to Durkheim, sociology was divided into three main branches: Social morphology This branch studies geographical aspects of society, such as how density of population affects society. A basic overview of the branches, see our more complete list below. Religious ideas generated some of the earliest philosophic speculations about the nature of life and the universe The speculations often centered on the idea of a supernatural or superpowerful being who created the universe and who governs it according to unchangeable laws and gives it purpose Western philosophic tradition has paid much attention to the possibility of demonstrating the existence of God. This has sometimes been called , but recently astronomy has come to be regarded as a division of broader space science, which has grown to include other related fields, such as studying issues related to and including , and science performed in see. Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.
Hence, if such an expansion were possible, changes in the measurement of gravity and the speed of light would be evident, if, indeed, life would be possible. A List of the Branches of Philosophy With Definitions — Explained Simply With this in mind, below is a list of some important major and minor branches of philosophy as they are understood today: Metaphysics — The study of being, The book that comes after physics, the study of what is there and what is it like. It has a specific nature independent of thoughts or feelings. Students of metaphysical philosophy also strive to attain truths about the existence of God and whether or not people have free will, as well as whether or not the mind exists and is connected to the body. People who investigate for a solution to such a complicated question arise in their mind from various subject matters are called philosophers.
Socrates wanted to replace vague opinions with clear ideas. From this perspective epistemology and logic and reason are the metaphysics of rational ideas related to language , ethics and morality are the metaphysics of morals and actions related to mind and social systems , aesthetics is metaphysics of physical beauty, and metaphysics itself covers all lines of inquiry not considered or at least not considered as applied science. He wrote on such topics as physics, astronomy, psychology, biology, physiology, and anatomy. There would be no way to work towards a goal because there would be no way to choose between an unlimited number of goals. When science does reflect on itself, it becomes the philosophy of science and examines a number of philosophic questions. The senses are valid, and are the only way to get information about the world. Would we thereby expect each of the soldiers to vie for the opportunity to cover the grenade? We can say logic is the philosophy of mind, while ethics is the philosophy of the heart.
This asks the question of what is real. For example, you may already be a hatha yogi or yogini practicing the postures with a teacher or by yourself. If that is not the case, they will rebel, as in Tsarist Russia, or the system will eventually collapse, as in Communist Russia. Review Smith and Marx for a look at economic and political theories, then maybe study Nietzsche and Popper to see how their theories expand on that. Socrates tried to get a definition or precise view of some abstract idea, such as knowledge, virtue, justice, or wisdom.