Next Athens was very prosperous and even though they were not very focused on military power they still was able to deal with any crisis or types of chaos they encountered. On the other hand, Athenians were more apt to get involved in commerce; their economy was an highly extrovert one and made their city wealthy. Athens was severely weakened and went from being hegemon to one of the least powerful city-states in Greece. They also engaged in physical activities like sports. The different arts such as sculpture and poetry also flourished more in Athens. The prehistory of the Neolithic, the Bronze Age and the Dark Age the Early Iron Age at this moment must be treated apart from the stream of Dorian Spartan history.
Sparta was landlocked, in the middle of the Pelopponesian peninsula, and thrived on its agricultural bounty. Sparta was centered around training and perfecting its military, which was strong and effective. Also, although Sparta was almost entirely focused on war, one half of the population was not completely alienated by the other. During the Classical Age, the assembly of Athenian citizens ekklēsia tou dēmou was much more powerful than the Spartan assembly apella ; Sparta was essentially ruled by the five ephors, the two kings and the Gerousia. The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the Eurotas River. This idea eventually led to war between the. What the two communities had in common was that they were both thinkers.
What is clear is that from early on there were marked differences of wealth within the state, and these became even more serious after the law of , passed at some time after the , removed the legal prohibition of the gift or bequest of land. He observed: It is the standards of civilized men not of beasts that must be kept in mind, for it is good men not beasts who are capable of real courage. Athens had a port on the Aegean Sea, and was exposed to many different cultures - through trade, for instance. Training for the military began at birth when state officials decided whether a baby was fit to live and he would be left to die if they felt that he was not fit for Spartan military life. In antiquity the city-state was known as Lacedaemon , Lakedaímōn , while the name Sparta referred to its main settlement on the banks of the in , in south-eastern. A imaging of what describes.
Athens and Sparta were two of the most powerful and recognizable ancient city-states in Greek history. In some of these sayings, mothers revile their sons in insulting language merely for surviving a battle. Citizenship Not all inhabitants of the Spartan state were considered to be citizens. Structure of Classical Spartan society Constitution Structure of the Spartan Constitution Sparta was an. Because of this, Athens was forced to conquer nearby colonies. In Athens, a democracy rul … ed. During the Archaic Period, however, the two developed into distincttypes of city-state.
Women would cut off their hair and dress in men's clothes. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Moving on to the location of both towns, Athens was located at an area where the mountain surrounded the city while Sparta was built on top of the mountains which gave it a better and more secure location when it comes to war and attacks. Sparta was the subject of fascination in its own day, as well as in following the revival of classical learning. Only native Spartans were considered full citizens and were obliged to undergo the training as prescribed by law, as well as participate in and contribute financially to one of the syssitia.
As many as two thousand were selected accordingly, who crowned themselves and went round the temples, rejoicing in their new freedom. They could divorce for whatever reason, and did not need male support to do so. Life for a Spartiate was comprised of constant training and conditioning… 756 Words 4 Pages Two of the main poleis, or city states in Greece, were Sparta and Athens. It was very much different than Sparta The difference between Sparta and Athens is that in Sparta, the ruling government was a military government, while in Athens, the ruling government was a democracy. Sparta, on the other hand, was located in the Laconia region and exhibited a more temperate and dry climate.
These rules were very unique in all of ancient Greece, as the women had an amazing amount of control in their relationships. Like feeding a vile snake on more poison. Sparta, however, was the oddball out, giving the women of their civilization many more rights and freedoms. Differing Climates Though Athens and Sparta were located in the same country of Greece, the two were far enough apart to exhibit slightly different climates. This way of leadership worked well for Sparta for a period of time, however, this type of monarchy eventually failed because it was not an effective way to rule a nation. Relations between the helots and their Spartan masters were sometimes strained.
Sparten boys had to go through long-distance training; at the age of 7 they left home. From the other half, the Spartiate was expected to pay his mess syssitia fees, and the agoge fees for his children. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. In Sparta women had more rights than in other parts of Greece. However, Sparta had only about 8,000 citizens, while Athens had between 40,000 and 100,000. Also, Athenians claimed that they were indigenous, while Dorians were believed to have settled later in Sparta.
Nevertheless, it is fair to say that it was less of a disgrace for a soldier to lose his helmet, breastplate or than his hoplon, since the former were designed to protect one man, whereas the hoplon also protected the man on his left. Perioikoic hoplites served increasingly with the Spartan army, explicitly at the , and although they may also have fulfilled functions such as the manufacture and repair of armour and weapons, they were increasingly integrated into the combat units of the Spartan army as the Spartiate population declined. See Not the Classical Ideal: Athens and the Construction of the Other in Greek Art ed. These donations to the syssitia were a requirement for every Spartan citizen. Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were the two largest Greek city-states of the Ancient world.