Customs and Excise Office, Victoria, 'Immigration Report, S. Instead, any 'European language' was specified. The Naturalization Act 1903 received Royal Assent on 13 October 1903 and commenced on 1 January 1904. The Dictation Test was abolished in 1958, signalling the end of the White Australia Policy. This Act stated that if a person wanted to migrate to Australia they had to be given a dictation test. The Department of External Affairs series A1 held in Canberra contains material relating to Tasmanian Chinese, and it is possible that Melbourne records do too.
Location: Hobart Shelf metres: 0. Location: Sydney Shelf metres: 0. Senators also believed that the passage of the Bill was a matter of urgency. The best way to do this was for all the colonies to act together and work out a common immigration policy. The replies from the states are included. The Pacific Island Labourers Act 1901 stipulated that no Pacific Island labourer could enter Australia on or after 31 March 1904 except under a licence, and that the Minister for External Affairs could order the deportation of any Pacific Island labourer found in Australia after 31 December 1906.
Communication had improved and all the colonies were linked to each other and the world by the overland telegraph and submarine telegraph. Pacific Island Labourers Acts of Queensland. In a case of urgency, responsibility for a measure of this sort must be taken by the Government. Prime Minister's Department, Correspondence Files, Multi-number series, 'Immigration Restrictions. At the time the general public consensus was that Australia should be a white country and allowing indiscriminate immigration could threaten its identity.
This is why the Act is considered to be the symbolic beginning of the White Australia Policy. Senators and members continued to warn the Parliament about the increasing Asian population in Australia. The Immigration Restriction Act would be contrary to the British principle of equality and would deeply offend their Indian subjects and their Japanese allies. Trade unions were keen to prevent labour competition from Chinese and Pacific Islander migrants who they feared would undercut wages. Every member of the police force of any State, and every officer may, without warrant, arrest any person reasonably supposed to be a prohibited immigrant offending against this Act, and no person shall resist or prevent such arrest. In each and every avenue of life we find the competition of the coloured races insidiously creeping in, and if we are to maintain the standard of living we think necessary, in order that our people may be brought up with a degree of comfort, and with scholastic advantages which will conduce to the improvement and general advancement of the nation, some pause must be made in regard to the extension of the competition of the coloured aliens generally. The Post and Telegraph Bill received Royal Assent on 16 November 1901.
This lead to anti-Chinese on the goldfields at in , and at the diggings in. This was due in part to the increasing violence between white Australians and Chinese migrants who, since the 1850s, had travelled to Australia in search of gold. The work cannot be adapted or modified in any way. In 1907, Australia, Canada, South Africa, and New Zealand became known as Dominions. To place certain restrictions on Immigration and to provide for the removal from the Commonwealth of prohibited Immigrants. Location: Brisbane Shelf metres: 5. Trade unions were keen to prevent labour competition from Chinese and Pacific Islander migrants who they feared would undercut wages.
But Australia was getting ideas of its own. Not a white man is employed on the job. These figures have been an eye-opener to me, because I was under the impression that we were gradually reducing the numbers of our Asiatic population. The Dictation Test could be administered to any migrant during the first year of residence. Family One son Where resident Accompanying Date of arrival in Australia Year 1877 Place of residence in Australia Deniliquin Occupation Storekeeper Property Value £400 Deniliquin Date of departure 1st January 1903 Destination China Ship Kasuga Maru References in Australia names and addresses Police Magistrate Deniliquin. All such regulations shall be laid before both Houses of the Parliament within thirty days after the making thereof if the Parliament be then sitting, and if not then within thirty days after the next meeting of the Parliament. Each item contains the documents of multiple people.
The registers give a precis of the subject of the correspondence and quote the file number. As mentioned in the Introduction, individual cases files themselves are not dealt with in this guide. There was a severe drought that resulted in violent industrial strikes. We have come, it appears to me, to the parting of ways. Subsection 16 1 of the Act stipulated that no contract or arrangements for the carriage of mail could be entered into on behalf of the Commonwealth unless it contained the condition that only white labour would be employed in such carriage. The possibility that the Bill would affect British subjects did not dissuade Hughes. A West Australian cutting on the subject is included.
Some members argued that white sailors were the only ones who could defend Australia in the event that Australia were to be involved in international conflict and ships employed in trading required to participate. In 1925, more formal restrictions were imposed. This Act may be cited as the Immigration Restriction Act 1901. The Australian colony was soon shifting to a population of different migrants. Undoubtedly the Japanese outnumber all the others. What show has a white man to tender successfully against Chinese? In 2001, many Australians claimed to have fathers from Europe.