The topics are separated into texts most appropriate for students and those most appropriate for instructors. Paul Cuffe: Black Entrepreneur and Pan-Africanist Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1988 , pp 4-5. His abolitionist friends thought emancipated slaves could re-settle in Africa, and he took a two-year trip to Sierra Leone to investigate the possibilities. Extant records for Linniken Island, located north of the Horseneck dunes, indicate that these resources were actively used by local residents during the eighteenth century. At the urging of Quakers and Abolitionists in England and America, Paul Cuffe sailed to Sierra Leone in 1811 to assess the situation among the various freed-slave communities, the British officials and the local African people and see whether he could help improve their conditions. The Cory Store At least one shipyard operated at the Point during the nineteenth century.
This registry is solely a Web-based project but also lists other resources available to learn about African American History. He was wealthy, well educated for his times and articulate. Major funding is also provided by the , Dr. For Cuffe, though, the expedition was costly. Unfortunately, Cuffee could not persuade the native chiefs that tilling the soil would lead to greater community prosperity than selling their captives as slaves.
In the summer of 1813 Cuffee became the largest contributor to rebuilding the Westport Friends' Meeting House. Cuffe and the black entrepreneurs together founded the Friendly Society of Sierra Leone as a mutual-aid merchant group dedicated to furthering prosperity and industry among the free peoples in the colony and loosening the stranglehold that the English merchants held on trade. Still, he took 38 African Americans back to Sierra Leone — a financial loss of some significance — and kept trying to fulfill his dream. When Cuffe learned of the Sierra Leone Colony in West Africa, which had been founded by English philanthropists in 1787, he began corresponding with English Quakers active in the movement to settle African Americans there. There he created a successful homestead for them, a project he personally financed. Black Loyalists from Nova Scotia were also eager to resettle elsewhere.
John Pele of Bristol, England At the time of his father's death, young Paul knew little more than the but dreamed of gaining an education and being involved in the shipping industry. A staunch opponent of slavery and the slave trade, he united with other emancipated African Americans in the Northern states in their campaigns, using his Quaker connections with sympathetic co-religionists to support his efforts. During the early 19th century, he was uniquely wealthy for an African American and used his skills, intellect, ingenuity and relationships to advance important opportunities for minorities. Her mate and all her crew are negroes, or the immediate descendants of negroes. The prime harbor location of the town quickly resulted in the development of Main Road along what was likely a pre-existing Native American trail, and led to the construction of a landing and ferry in 1712. The Westport Point cemetery was established ca. Through his connections with Quakers in other cities he became involved in efforts to improve the conditions of African Americans.
On April 19, 1812, U. Cuff Slocum bequeathed this farm to his two younger sons, John and Paul, and it remained in their possession for the next half century. As a pacifist Quaker, Cuffee opposed the war on spiritual grounds, and also despaired of the trade interruption and attempts to improve Sierra Leone. By 25, he was the master of his own vessel, shipping to Newfoundland, the West Indies, England, and the Baltic. In the last two decades of the 18th century, Paul Cuffe became a wealthy and respectable Atlantic merchant, trading in the Caribbean, Europe and Russia. Eager to learn about Africa, Madison was interested in the possibility of expanding recolonization.
Lamont Dominick , Rise to be a people: a biography of Paul Cuffe, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986. Many local people refused to do so for fear of being drafted into military service. Over time, he rose to the rank of captain and eventually owned his own fleet. In 1815 Cuffe sailed with 38 settlers for Sierra Leone, where he helped them establish new homes with the cooperation of colonial authorities. He was buried the next day in the cemetery behind the Westport Friends Meeting House and was honored and memorialized in many halls and sanctuaries around the Atlantic in the following months. When Cuffe learned of the Sierra Leone Colony in West Africa, which had been founded by English philanthropists in 1787, he began corresponding with English Quakers active in the movement to settle African Americans there.
At that time he was one of the wealthiest African Americans in the country. The Negro in Colonial New England Studies in American Negro Life, New York: Atheneum, 1942 , p. Eventually his dream of an African-American settlement would also succeed in the establishment of Liberia. In addition to his maritime ventures, Cuffe was a prosperous merchant as well as the owner of a grist mill and a farm. Cuffe and his immigrants were not greeted as warmly as before. But the war prevented any further involvement with the people of Sierra Leone until after it ended in 1814. Later that year he journeyed to England, where he met with British abolitionists and sought support for his resettlement plans; he eventually secured a land grant.
He is best known for his pioneering efforts to settle free African Americans in West Africa. As slavery continued after the Revolution, primarily in the South, prominent men such as Presidents and believed the emigration of free Blacks to colonies outside the was the easiest and most realistic solution to the race problem in America. He married at the age of 25. Land evidence records indicate that Native Americans occupied the area known as Acoaxet in the late seventeenth century. All interested editors are invited to and. For Black History Month, we have a featured biography of Paul Cuffe — the Massachusetts mariner who was the richest African American of his time.