Then Tetradius throws himself at the feet of the saintly man, imploring that he himself would go down to the house in which the possessed of the devil was kept. I actually pictured him more as a classic religious conman, the sort of guy who turns entertainment industry skills into a way to control people. This is especially the case with those works dealing with monastic and ascetic lives. Seldom had codices containing the history of obscure foreigners provoked such moral landslides in the lives of influential Romans. Section 6 Mediolanum: , -i n. Martin used three weapons to combat paganism: the sign of the cross, the humility of asceticism, and apostolic preaching.
Lifting up, therefore, the sign of the cross opposite to them, he commanded the crowd not to move from the place in which they were, and to set down the burden. Moreover, in his introduction and in his conclusion Sulpicius challenges pagan literary values with a corresponding Christian alternative, a challenge that centers on the ideal of valor. Like his fellow Christian thinkers, Sulpicius took his classical pagan education and transplanted it into a Christian context. Ambrose claimed to prefer the simple style of the Scriptures to the polished language of orators, yet he modeled his De officiis ministrorum, a manual for training priests, on Cicero's De officiis. Section 8 honorati secundum saeculum viri: 'an honored man, according to the standards of the secular world.
Martin retires from Military Service. When they compelled him to go unwillingly, the clothing disappeared in the hands of those dragging him. The subjunctive is consecutive, expressing a result. For Severus, his hero exemplified the ascetic ideal primarily in his missionary work, in the toil and labor of episcopal life. Sulpicius Severus, Tertullian, Lactantius, and the rest of the great m.
I'll have to think on what to translate next. Bibliography Severus's works are to be found in P. The work became very influential on later authors writing lives of the saints. The clergy of that church were quarrelling, and he wished to reconcile them. He was imbued with the culture of his time and of his country, which was then the only true home of Latin letters and learning. According to report Martin entered on that journey in a melancholy frame of mind, after calling the brethren to witness that many sufferings lay before him. When he later served as bishop of a contentious diocese like Hippo, dealing with the Donatists on the one hand and having to preside over petty disputes on the other, going off to the desert like St.
Roman civic institutions were disappearing with the collapse of military security and political order in the West. In addition, Sulpicius's Life of Saint Martin reflects the cultural situation of the Church in late antiquity, and evidences the counter-cultural role of the Church vis a vis the paganism of late Roman culture. Really, for that first two-thirds, the focus is on the conflict between Clarus, the young, but spiritual disciple of St. Martin restores a Catechumen to Life. He confronts pagan religion, felling their places of worship not with earthly weapons but with the sign of the cross. Martin look like, and even surpass, the greatest ascetic achievements of the Egyptian desert dwellers. He married the daughter of a wealthy family, who died young, leaving him no children.
However, such digressions are quite appropriate since the book must introduce an inexperienced reader to the context of the epoch. The robber believed; and, after expressing his respect for Martin, he restored him to the way, entreating him to pray the Lord for him. The pagans found themselves unable to move. Clearly, Severus regarded Anatolius as a dupe of Satan, whose professions of innocence and humility were merely a cover for a snare sprung on St. Moreover, Martin must courageously vindicate the integrity of the Church and the priesthood in the face of a nominally Christian but morally pagan emperor.
Then, indeed, the miserable man began to resist and refuse, and affirmed that he had been forbidden to show himself to Martin. Then indeed might the fire have been seen thrust back in a wonderful manner against the force of the wind, so that there appeared a sort of conflict of the two elements fighting together. He asserts that he has researched his subject and that he has done is level best to make sure that what he has included is based on reliable evidence. The pagans asked for the laying on of hands, abandoned their errors, and believed. It states that although both love God more than themselves, martyrs shed their blood and offered their lives to God while confessors offered their lives for God but without being killed for.
This is rather a delayed post. For it was also believed that an altar had been placed there by former bishops. While the latter is certainly deemed more excellent than the former, both are deemed necessary to writers like Sulpicius Severus. A flourishing monastery might be interpreted by such a person as promising ground for finding marks, much as conmen often flock to places full of the vulnerable and trusting. Here we see his Christian valor exhibited in a striking way. This tendency manifests itself in intellectual and military vanity. When Martin perceived this, he climbed by rapid ascent to the roof of the house, presenting himself in front of the advancing flames.
The saint being dazzled by his first appearance, both preserved a long and deep silence. This he did, for instance, by aiding those who were in trouble, by furnishing assistance to the wretched, by supporting the needy, by clothing the naked, while he reserved nothing for himself from his military pay except what was necessary for his daily sustenance. The emperor Septimius Severus was proclaimed Augutsus there, and Valentinian resided there for some time. For this reason, I think I will accomplish something well worth the necessary pains, if I write the life of a most holy man, which shall serve in future as an example to others; by which, indeed, the readers shall be roused to the pursuit of true knowledge, and heavenly warfare, and divine virtue. Supply a gerundive like dicendis after excellentibus and multis. Eternal fame belongs, as Severus points out, to the world, so is not a sufficient motivation for doing anything, much less writing. That may strike some readers as odd, but it seems the preface may have been a letter to Desiderius as part of the package including the manuscript.
For so doing, we have seen this bishop at a later date deprived of his office. And not long after the man expired. But then laying hold; as it were, of the Holy Spirit, with the whole powers of his mind, he orders the others to quit the cell in which the body was lying; and bolting the door, he stretches himself at full length on the dead limbs of the departed brother. The second series focuses on a variety of important Church Fathers, ranging from the fourth century to the eighth century. In addition we find here a striking contrast between pagan and Christian valor in the person of Martin the Roman soldier. Section 26 non quod omnia. A Letter of Martin effects a Cure, with Other Miracles.