He thinks it wouldn't be so bad to die at night in the forest, with no one around except the nightingale singing. Research in found that favoured breeding of nightingales was defined by a number of factors. The rest is only Poetry. After having sought to escape the world through various means, the speaker is left in a state of bewilderment. The poem veers back and forth between reality and fantasy before ending somewhere in between. His profusion and prodigality is, however, modified by a principle of sobriety.
He died there on February 23, 1821, at the age of twenty-five, and was buried in the Protestant cemetery. Keats uses this poetic technique to convey the process of aging. Because these words begin—and, in several cases, end—with consonant sounds, the pace of the poem necessarily slows down. The oldest of four children, he lost both his parents at a young age. There is only one , which occurs at the concluding line of the poem. However, there is tension in that the narrator holds Keats's guilt regarding the death of Tom Keats, his brother.
The reasons for this desire, however, are more complex than misery. Ode's Diction Establishes Conflicting Relationships The major theme in the ode is the perception of a conflicted existence within human life. The poem ends with an acceptance that pleasure cannot last and that death is an inevitable part of life. My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains My sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk, Or emptied some dull opiate to the drains One minute past, and Lethe-wards had sunk: 'Tis not through envy of thy happy lot, But being too happy in thy happiness,--- That thou, light-winged Dryad of the trees, In some melodious plot Of beechen green, and shadows numberless, Singest of summer in full-throated ease. O for a beaker full of the warm South, Full of the true, the blushful Hippocrene, With beaded bubbles winking at the brim, And purple-stained mouth; That I might drink, and leave the world unseen, And with thee fade away into the forest dim: Fade far away, dissolve, and quite forget What thou among the leaves hast never known, The weariness, the fever, and the fret Here, where men sit and hear each other groan; Where palsy shakes a few, sad, last gray hairs, Where youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and dies; Where but to think is to be full of sorrow And leaden-eyed despairs, Where Beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, Or new Love pine at them beyond to-morrow.
Shelley also exaggerated the effect that the criticism had on Keats, attributing his declining health over the following years to a spirit broken by the negative reviews. The stanza forms of the poem is a combination of elements from and. Written in 1819 only two years before Keats died of tuberculosis , the poem explores the ideas of mortality, ecstasy, and impermanence to name a few. The song is loud, with an impressive range of whistles, trills and gurgles. Keats then balances this Biblical story with the pagan idea of 'faery lands forlorn.
His early works particularly Endymion were harshly criticised, by the time he was twenty-four, he had won recognition for his great odes - Ode On Melancholy, Ode On A Grecian Urn, Ode To A Nightingale and Ode To Autumn. He says that it seems rich to die at that very moment when he is at the heights of ecstasy, experiencing a rich and sensuous excitement. He wants to drink such a wine and fade into the forest with the nightingale. Stanza V I cannot see what flowers are at my feet, Nor what soft incense hangs upon the boughs, But, in embalmed darkness, guess each sweet Where with the seasonable month endows The grass, the thicket, and the fruit-tree wild; White hawthorn, and the pastoral eglantine; Fast fading violets cover'd up in leaves: And mid-May's eldest child, The coming musk-rose, full of dewy wine, The murmurous haunt of flies on summer eves. The dance initially was performed by male dance of the court of , Mudong.
Effect of Diction The selection of words allows the poet to convey a particular kind of attitude, feeling or action. As you read the poem, think about what the bird comes to symbolize. Except for the last two lines, this stanza is made entirely of imagery. . Furthermore, Keats began to reduce the amount of -based words and that he relied on in his poetry, which in turn shortened the length of the words that dominate the poem. He is striving for some enduring principle of permanence which he associates with the song of the nightingale.
As the stanza winds to its conclusion, we learn that the reason behind the speaker's trance-like state is the nightingale's song, which makes the speaker so happy that he can't focus on anything else. Now, let's jump into the fourth stanza: Away! Still wouldst thou sing, and I have ears in vain To thy high requiem become a sod. Now he has to come back to reality--and we with him. The opening stanza of the poem establishes its entranced, almost hallucinatory mood. Imagery is language that stimulates any of the five senses not just sight, as the word 'image' implies. The poet is drowsy and numb, as if he had taken hemlock or opiates both medicinal sedatives , or been immersed in the Lethe, the river of forgetfulness in Greek myth. Summary Keats is in a state of uncomfortable drowsiness.
Keats' mood is one of drugged languor and has been occasioned by his empathic response to the happiness of the bird. O, for a draught of vintage! Still wouldst thou sing and I have ears in vain To thy high requiem become a sod. This annoyance could trigger anger that is associated with hatred and hopelessness. There are no dancing daffodils or peaceful shepherds to be found here. According to the poet, this bird could be usually found chirping nearby whenever someone is facing hate issues or going through bad times. Still wouldst thou sing, and I have ears in vain- - To thy high requiem become a sod. Still wouldst thou sing, and I have ears in vain — To thy high requiem become a sod.
After all, the acceptance of the loss of pleasure by the end of the poem is an acceptance of life and, in turn, of death. The bird's happiness is conveyed in its singing. Harvard University Press — via Google Books. The poem is Keats in the act of sharing with the reader an experience he is having rather than recalling an experience. The nightingale must be immortal, because so many different kinds of generations of people have heard its song throughout history, everyone from clowns and emperors to Biblical characters to people in fantasy stories.