Smaller scale land allocation within more modern large-scale systems still makes some use of metes and bounds. A township, which is 6 miles on each side, is divided into 36 square-mile sections. Early surveyors created 5-square-mile townships rather than the later 6-mile standard. Townships are further subdivided into 36 1-square mile sections, with each section equal to 640 acres. Metes and Bounds The boundary lines of land, with their terminal points and angles. By There are several ways the deed may legally describe the land: meets and bounds, sections and townships, and recorded lot numbers are among them.
A correction line is every 4 th township line — a distance of 24 miles — and guide meridians, which run north and south at 24 mile intervals from the principal meridian and are exactly parallel to the principal meridian, so that the discrepancy in area bounded by the correction lines and guide meridians — known as a government check — can be compared to the actual area bounded by the regular meridians, so that the discrepancy can be accounted for by reducing the size of the townships in the north and west of a quadrant. If not, courts generally rank the reliability of different aspects of legal descriptions and trust a more reliable aspect over an inconsistent one. A survey with metes and bounds typically starts with a primary landmark. Our user-friendly interview walks you through the process with state-specific guidance to help you create the right deed for your state and your goals. Typically the system uses physical features of the local geography, along with directions and distances, to define and describe the boundaries of a parcel of land.
In many states, the rectangular survey system is supplemented with a mete-and-bounds description to describe small parcels of land. Metes and Bounds descriptions of land were used exclusively in colonial days; and is an accepted legal description even today. Metes and bounds are the boundary lines of land, with their terminal points and angles. The more-reliable rectangular survey system divided land into ranges, 24×24-mile tracts, 6-square-mile townships and square-mile sections, all based on a north-south meridian and east-west baseline. The net assets are then subjected to physical partition.
Four rods equal a chain: 66 feet in length. In 1942, when a piece of land was sold to , the legal description of that land did not contain metes and bounds. The magnetic field that we call the north pole is not a fixed point. Note that opt-out choices are also stored in cookies. The indiscriminate survey system, or metes and bounds, dates to England, says Ohio genealogical speaker and writer Jana Sloan Broglin. One of the difficulties of the metes and bounds system is that the landmarks originally described may have changed since the survey was written. The system has been used in England for many centuries, and is still used there in the definition of general boundaries.
It was thus their ancestral property. If describing directions in minutes isn't accurate enough, you can also break minutes down further into seconds, so there are 60 seconds in a minute. This system used objects for marking property lines, such as trees, rocks, or bends in streams and rivers. The formal description is described in plain speech describing the distance and direction of property line in progressive order around the borders. On this A built a house with his own funds.
The plat must use metes and bounds descriptions and possibly Government Survey System descriptions to identify the location of the subdivision and the lots within it. Tier-and-Range System The rectangular survey system aka tier-and-range system, government survey system , was specified by Congress in 1785 to mark large tracts of land that the United States received in its early years, including the Northwest Territory. Legal descriptions always note the county and state in which the property is located. Using measuring equipment rods, chains, and compasses, surveyors could establish distinct property boundaries. So a township is identified by specifying how many townships it is north or south of the base line and how many ranges it is east or west of the principal meridian. Correction Lines Because the Earth is an oblate spheroid, range lines are not exactly 6 miles apart along the entire length, since they must ultimately converge to the same point at the North Pole.
For instance, located on upper floors or lower floors may be described in reference to a datum, which is a point, line, or surface from which elevations are measured. Note that because any property is necessarily limited in area, any description of that property must necessarily form an enclosed area. You might wonder how could that happen? Metes and bounds is an old method of surveying territory for settlement, used in the original 13 Colonies. Only a coparcener can throw his self-acquired property into the hotchpot. It involves using the public surveying system, which starts from when the United States issued its patent, right after snatching land away from Native Americans. In most situations, the best practice is to use the legal description from the most recent deed to the property. They are described in detail here.
A monument is a natural or man-made feature. Another descriptive approach is to describe a portion or fraction of a described parcel of land. Broglins home state was the first surveyed under the new system. Westbrook marked out with iron stakes the boundary lines that he had measured. The process continues until the description returns the surveyor to the original starting point. With the metes and bounds description, a compass, and measuring devices you could walk the boundary lines.
It divides the land into square townships. While the system is still used today, technology has greatly improved upon its associated tools and measurements. The trial court erred as a matter of law in entering the judgment. Sections adjacent to the north and west boundaries of the township are adjusted according to well-established rules, using the difference between the government check and the actual area. If the location, size, and shape of buildings on the lot are also given, then it is referred to as a spot survey. Indeed, addresses are often renamed over time and even physical boundaries can change course, such as that of a local creek. It is often used in connection with the Government Survey System.
Nowadays, many monuments are iron pins or concrete posts installed by surveyors or by the U. Subdivision Lot and Block If real estate is located in a subdivision, the legal description may be very simple. Start by identifying what will be the first corner or benchmark of the property. The point of beginning could be a landmark or a point described based in the United States Public Land Survey System. These choices must be made for each browser that you use. Land entry case files are at the National Archives and Records Administration, which has a. A way of describing land by listing the compass directions and distances of the boundaries.